Spokesman Stephane Dujarric said the UN has “concerns about the deteriorating security situation… and the increase in attacks against civilians of the Congolese Development Cooperative (CODECO) and the M23 as well as the ongoing presence of other foreign armed groups, including the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), the Red Tabara and the Démocratique pour la libération de Rwanda (FDLR), continues to be a threat to the stability of the region. ”
The FDLR is an armed Rwandan Hutu group primarily operating within the DRC, some members of which were involved in the 1994 genocide, and Rwanda has reported that Congolese troops have cooperated with it, in the border area. .
The violence must stop, he said, calling on armed fighters to begin participating “unconditionally” in the Disarmament, Discharge, Rehabilitation and Community Stabilization (P-DDRCS) Program. It also called on “foreign armed groups to disarm immediately and return to their country of origin.”
“We reaffirm our strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of the DRC and strongly condemn the use of proxies,” added Mr. Dujarric.
An increase in attacks in a volatile area is the focus of a Security Council meeting at the end of last month. According to news reports, the brutal M23 rebel group – which started as an army insurgency in 2012 with numerous atrocities and war crimes – has carried out the biggest offensive against the force. government for a decade, according to news reports.
Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs and Peace Operations, Martha Pobee, said the Council “is imperative to focus all of its weight behind efforts to defuse the rise in violence.” , especially of the M23 group, with thousands displaced, many fleeing across the border to Uganda.
Support for peace
“We welcome and support ongoing national and regional political efforts to accompany the disarmament of armed groups.including President Félix Tshisekedi of the DRC and President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya through the Nairobi process,” said Mr. Dujarric.
He emphasized that the United Nations Peacekeeping Mission to the DRC, MONUSCO is also working closely with the Office of Special Envoy for the Great Lakes region, to promote non-military measures to disarm foreign armed groups.
Spokesperson also welcomed the nomination of President João Lourenço of Angola by the African Union (AU) to “defuse tensions” between the DRC and Rwanda. “The UN fully supports these political efforts.”
He noted that in the resilient provinces of North Kivu, South Kivu and Ituri, MONUSCO has “impassedly and vigorously defended civilians and helped neutralize armed groups, as authorized by the Security Council. “.
© UNICEF / Roger LeMoyne
In carrying out its mission to protect civilians, MONUSCO is continuing to maintain its support of the Congolese armed forces, while ensuring that they strictly adhere to the Humanitarian Diligence Policy. rights of the United Nations.
“This is to ensure that the support of the Mission to security forces outside the United Nations is consistent with the purposes and principles of the Organization as set forth in the Charter of the United Nations and its obligations. according to international law,” Mr. Dujarric said.
Stop hate speech
“We are deeply concerned about reports of hate speech rising in the country against certain communities, even in the wake of the M23 revival. Hate speech must be faced proactively. ”
He noted that MONUSCO, and the United Nations National Group at the DRC, have consistently and unconditionally condemned hate speech in public squares.
Working closely with the United Nations rights office (OHCHR) and the United Nations Special Advisor for the Prevention of Genocide, the United Nations National Group contributes to combating hate speech by engage with authorities at the local, provincial and national levels as well as with journalists and civil society“To condemn such discourse and support the prosecution of those who propagate it.”
MONUSCO and the United Nations continue to lobby opinion leaders and influencers to speak out against hate speech, including within the Mission. Radio Okapiand on social media.