Dyslexic, exploratory, helped in evolution leading to human survival: Study

While dyslexia is characterized by learning difficulties, researchers from the University of Cambridge have concluded that people with the disorder are skilled at exploring the unknown. According to researchers, this strength has helped humans adapt and survive in an ever-changing environment. This finding came when researchers performed a behavioral, cognitive and brain study. They emphasize that the power of discovery in people with dyslexia has an evolutionary connection to it and has contributed to human existence.

“We believe that the difficult areas experienced by people with dyslexia are the result of a cognitive trade-off between discovering new information and exploiting existing knowledge, with the downside being natural The direction of discovery may explain the enhanced abilities observed in certain fields such as discovery, invention, and creation,” explain Dr Helen Taylor, Associate Scholar at the McDonald Institute of Archaeological Research at the University of Cambridge. She is the main author of research published in Frontier in Psychology.

According to Taylor, a “child-centered” view of dyslexia is not enough and needs to be changed. “This study proposes a new framework to help us better understand the cognitive power of people with dyslexia,” she added.

This is the first time that an interdisciplinary approach using an evolutionary perspective has been considered to study dyslexia.

She emphasizes that the environments provided at academic institutions, schools and workplaces do not offer exploratory learning. Taylor also calls for incorporating such thinking so that humanity continues to adapt and overcome challenges.

These findings are in the context of Complementary Cognitive theory, which states that our ancestors evolved to specialize in different but complementary ways of thinking. This has helped people adapt to change through cooperation.

“The balance between discovering new opportunities and exploiting the benefits of a particular choice is the key to adapting and surviving, and is the foundation for many of the decisions we make,” says Taylor. in daily life.

While exploration involves finding the unknown, mining is about using what’s already there like sifting and sifting. Taylor emphasizes that exploratory expertise in people with dyslexia may shed light on why they have difficulty in exploitative-related tasks.

She added: “It may also explain why people with dyslexia tend to focus on certain professions that require exploration-related abilities, such as art, architecture , engineering and entrepreneurship.

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